As leader or co-leader

The Fabulous Thad Jones (Debut, 1954)
Detroit-New York Junction (Blue Note, 1956)
The Magnificent Thad Jones (Blue Note, 1956)
Mad Thad (Period Records, 1957)
Olio (Prestige, 1957) with The Prestige All Stars – Frank Wess, Teddy Charles, Mal Waldron, Doug Watkins, Elvin Jones
After Hours (Prestige, 1957) with The Prestige All Stars – Frank Wess, Kenny Burrell, Mal Waldron, Paul Chambers, Art Taylor
Keeping Up With the Joneses: featuring The Jones Brothers – playing the music of Thad Jones and Isham Jones (MGM, 1958), with brothers Hank and Elvin Jones, as well as bassist Eddie Jones (unrelated)

Motor City Scene (United Artists, 1959)
Mean What You Say (Milestone, 1966) by the Thad Jones/Pepper Adams Quintet
Greetings and Salutations (Four Leaf Clover, 1977) with Mel Lewis, Jon Faddis and the Swedish Radio Jazz Group (Lennart Åberg, Arne Domnérus, Bengt Hallberg, Georg Riedel, Rune Gustafsson, …)
The Thad Jones / Mel Lewis Quartet (Artist House, 1978) with Mel Lewis, Harold Danko, Rufus Reid
Thad Jones, Mel Lewis and UMO (RCA, 1978) with Mel Lewis and UMO (the Finnish ‘New Music Orchestra’)
Live at Montmartre (Storyville, 1978) with Idrees Sulieman, Allan Botschinsky, Jesper Thilo, NHOP.
Eclipse (Metronome, 1979)[5] with Tim Hagans, Sahib Shihab, Horace Parlan, Jesper Lundgaard
Live at Slukefter (Metronome, 1980) with Tim Hagans, Sahib Shihab, Horace Parlan, Jesper Lundgaard

With the Thad Jones / Mel Lewis Orchestra

Opening Night (2000) Alan Grant Presents
Presenting Thad Jones / Mel Lewis and the Jazz Orchestra (1966) Solid State Records
Presenting Joe Williams and Thad Jones / Mel Lewis, The Jazz Orchestra (1966) Solid State
Live at the Village Vanguard (1967) Solid State
The Big Band Sound of Thad Jones / Mel Lewis Featuring Miss Ruth Brown (1968) Solid State
Monday Night (1968) Solid State
Central Park North (1969) Solid State
Basle, 1969 (recorded 1969, released 1996) TCB Music
Consummation (1970) Solid State / Blue Note
Live in Tokyo (1974) Denon Jazz
Potpourri (1974) Philadelphia International
Thad Jones / Mel Lewis and Manuel De Sica (1974) Pausa
Suite for Pops (1975) Horizon / A&M
New Life: Dedicated to Max Gordon (1975) A&M
Thad Jones / Mel Lewis Orchestra With Rhoda Scott aka Rhoda Scott in New York with… (1976)
Live in Munich (1976) Horizon / A&M
It Only Happens Every Time (1977) EMI Records – with Monica Zetterlund
Body and Soul aka Thad Jones / Mel Lewis Orchestra in Europe (1978) West Wind Jazz – Live in Berlin
A Touch of Class (1978) West Wind Jazz – Live in Warsaw

As sideman

With Manny Albam

Brass on Fire (Sold State, 1966)

With Kenny Burrell

Blues – The Common Ground (Verve, 1968)
Ellington Is Forever (Fantasy, 1975)
Ellington Is Forever Volume Two (Fantasy, 1975)

With Lou Donaldson

Sassy Soul Strut (1973)

With Kenny Drew

Lite Flite (SteepleChase, 1977)

With Curtis Fuller

Imagination (Savoy, 1959)

With Dexter Gordon

Ca’Purange (Prestige, 1972)
Tangerine (Prestige, 1972)

With Herbie Hancock

Speak Like a Child (Blue Note, 1968)

With Coleman Hawkins

The Hawk Swings (1960)

With Milt Jackson

For Someone I Love (Riverside, 1963)

With Elvin Jones

Elvin! (Riverside, 1961–62)
And Then Again (Atlantic, 1965)
Midnight Walk (Atlantic, 1966)
Mr. Jones (Blue Note, 1973)

With Yusef Lateef

Yusef Lateef’s Detroit (Atlantic, 1969)

With Charles Mingus

The Jazz Experiments of Charlie Mingus (Bethlehem, 1954)

With Thelonious Monk

5 by Monk by 5 (1959)

With James Moody

Great Day (Argo, 1963)

With Oliver Nelson

More Blues and the Abstract Truth (Impulse!, 1964)
The Spirit of ’67 with Pee Wee Russell (Impulse!, 1967)

With Houston Person

Houston Express (Prestige, 1970)

With Shirley Scott

For Members Only (Impulse!, 1963)
Roll ‘Em: Shirley Scott Plays the Big Bands (Impulse!, 1966)

With Johnny “Hammond” Smith

Open House! (Riverside, 1963)

With Sonny Stitt

Sonny Stitt Plays Arrangements from the Pen of Quincy Jones (Roost, 1955)
Stitt Goes Latin (Roost, 1963)
Broadway Soul (Colpix, 1965)
Goin’ Down Slow (Prestige, 1972)

With Ben Webster

Soulmates (with Joe Zawinul) (Riverside, 1963)
See You at the Fair (Impulse, 1964)

With Frank Wess

Yo Ho! Poor You, Little Me (Prestige, 1963)

With Joe Williams

At Newport ’63 (RCA Victor, 1963)